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About Dumka

Dumka the sub-capital of the state of Jharkhand is one of the fast developing towns. It is It is located at 24.27°N 87.25°E at an average elevation of 137 metres (449 feet). Undulating terrain with many high ridges and valleys are most visible feature of this part of Jharkhand. The soil of Dumka is not very fertile because of extensive erosion, acidity and low retaining capacity. Dumka experiences a humid subtropical climate. The history of Dumka is dated back to Stone Age.

Tourism in Dumka District
Basukinath Temple

The excavations done give proofs of human heritance in the region. Dumka region has seen a number of rulers like Afghans, Mughals, Marathas, British etc. The main mode of transport are roadways and railways. There are many tourist places in and around Dumka. The town is known for history and spirituality. Dumka is one of the 250 most backward districts of the country. It is currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

Brief History of Dumka

According to various excavations and many objects unearthed it is believed that the region once was dwelling place for stone age inhabitants including Mon-khmers and the Mundas. Later on in what we refer to early history the region is believed to be inhabited by the Paharias like the Maler and Sauria Paharias. The Greek traveler Megasthenes referred them as as Mallis and Sauria Paharias as savars of Orisa. During medieval period the region was exploited by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri and later on by Mughals. After Mughals the region came under the came under the supervision of is the region rith rule. Though most of the region was under British rule until India’s Independence, some parts were ruled by Maratha warriors like Peshwa Balaji Rao and Raghoji Bhosle. In 1865 Dumka city was formed from the district of Bhagalpur. The region is known as Santhal Pargana because the region is largely inhabited by Santhal tribe. In 2000 Dumka was made the sub capital of Jharkhand.

Geography and Climate of Dumka

Located at 24.27°N 87.25°E coordinates , Dumka has an elevation of 137 metres (449 feet). Total area under Dumka is 3716.02 km2. It is covered with an undulating terrain with hard rocks under the ground. The region has many high ridges and valleys amidst mountains and rivers.
Dumka experiences humid subtropical climate. The summers are hot and humid with maximum temperature rising to as high as 48°C. Winters are cold with temperature falling down to as low as 10°C.

Transportation in Dumka

Transportation in Dumka
Dumka Rialway Station

Dumka is well connected with roadways to the neighboring cities and town. The Jasidih - Dumka railway line was recently built in July 2011. The railway line has considerably risen the number of three wheelers on the roads of Dumka. Though the buses are still considered over the railways. Dumka government runs many government buses, also a number of private buses are available from Dumka to the neighbouring areas.

Dumka Railway Station
Address: Rashikpur Rd., Dumka, Dumka district, Jharkhand, India
Elevation: 136 metres (446 ft)
Line(s): Jasidih Dumka Rampurhat Rail line
Connections: Deoghar, Rampurhat
Station code: DUMK
Zone(s): Eastern Railway
Division(s): Asansol Division

Places of Interest in Dumka

Dumka is town in Jharkhand bestowed with natural beauty, few historic places and many spiritual place. Masanjore Dam is a famous picnic spot located about 31 km south of Dumka. It is built on Mayurakshi River and is bounded by hills and forests. Other noted attraction is a hot water spring at a distance of 15 km from Dumka. Surrounded by natural, green and beautiful landscape the water of the spring is very clear and healthy. Malooti is a historical and religious place at a distance of 55 km from Dumka. It was a taxfree capital at the time of King Basant Rai alias Basant. Baba Basukinath Dham
is located on the Deoghar – Dumka state highway around 25 kms from Dumka. It is the main attraction and largely visited Hindu pilgrims. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the temple is visited by lakhs of tourists every year. Naag Mandir is dedicated to Naag devta the temple is located on top of a hill of Shiv Pahar at Dumka.

Events and Festivals in Dumka

Different festival are celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm in Dumka. Shraavana mela of Basukinath is very famous and a lot of touristsfrom different parts of the country visit to be a part of this famous event in Dumka. Vivah Panchami is another important festival celebrated here. It is celebrated to celebrate the marriage of Ram and Sita. It is celebrated on fifth day of the Shukla paksha. Chhath Puja is another important festival celebrated with great joy all over the Jharkhand. Other festivals include Sarhul celebrated when the Saal trees get new flowers on their branches, Karam festival worship of Karam devta, the god of power, youth and youthfulness, Hal punhya starts with the fall of winter as the beginning of ploughing. Bhagta Parab is another important festival celebrated to worship Budha Baba, Rohini is the festival of sowing seeds in the field. Festivals like Holi, Diwali, Shivratri, Dusherra etc. are also celebrated with great enthusiasm.

Dumka at a glance

Country : India
State : Jharkhand
District : Dumka
Languages : Hindi
PIN : 814101
Telephone code : 06434
Location: 24.27°N 87.25°E
Climate : Humid subtropical climate
Religion: Hinduism, Muslim

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