Art and Culture of Dumka

Dumka a small town in Jharkhand and also a sub-capital of the state . The town is largely inhabited by the tribals. These tribes have their unique culture which is inherited since ages. Though the people now are moving towards modernization. Their culture is a blend of traditional and modern times. The people of Dumka are very fond of music and dance. Any occasion is incomplete without their music and dance. They have a variety of dance forms for different occasion. Most of the people in Dumka follow Sarna religion. They largely converse in Hindi and Santali with a number of other local languages. Dumka is a spiritual place with people of the place showing high spiritual spirits. A number of different festivals are celebrated by these people. They dress in a very simple and poised manner. Though the comfort of dress is taking over their traditional dress style. There is nothing much about art and handicraft in Dumka. The only famous art is their silk textile work. Khadi manufacturing and sericulture is very common in Dumka. Rice is their staple food and they love to have alcoholic drinks.

Culture of Dumka
Pyka Dance

Religions in Dumka

The tribal people in Dumka area worship Marang buru or Bonga as their main deity. Major religious activities are confined to two places Jaher and Gosade . Main religion is Sarna religion. The other major religions followed here are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity.

Languages in Dumka

A variety of different regional languages are spoken by different sects of the people of Dumka. Hindi, Santali, Bengali, Nagpuri, Bhojpuri, Angika( a dialect of Maithili) are the main languages spoken in the area. Santali language is the most spoken language by the tribes residing in the area.

Folk Songs and Dances of Dumka

The tribal people of Dumka are known for dance and songs. They have different dance and songs for different occasions. Every festival and event of these tribes is incomplete without songs and dances. The traditional musical instruments, dancing costumes and ornaments are a cherry on the top. Hunta Dance is the most famous among all other forms. The dance is performed by only men with bow and arrows depicting the process of hunting. The dance form requires a lot of strength and valor. Jhumur songs and dances are also common among these people. The dance form is performed by women during the monsoons when fields are cultivated. Apart from this, this dance is usually performed on all happy occasions. Sohrai songs are the main attraction of Sohrai festival. Golwari and Pyka are the martial dances involving a lot of jumping and leaping. Jhika and the Lagren are performed by both men and women together. Men forming the outer circle and the women inner circle. Dhong and Lagren are confined to women, where Lagren is performed on almost every occasion be it a marriage, birth, festival or any other happy occasion.

Festivals in Dumka

Shravan Mela in Basukhinath is celebrated in Dumka. This festivals are not only famous among the people of Dumka, but a large crowd from different parts of our country visit Dumka. The marriage of Ram and Sita is celebrated with great joy as Vivaah Panchami. Chatth Puja is not only famous in Dumka, but is widely celebrated in all parts of Bihar and Jharkhand. Blooming of the flowers on saal tree is celebrated with Sarhul festival. In the month of Aswin (September- October) to have increased `wealth and progeny`, Karam festival is celebrated. Mother earth is worshipped with religions flavor and enthusiasm on the festival of Ero(Paddy sowing festival). Jamtala Bonga (Jantal Festival) is celebrated only in the years when crop is destroyed due to scanty rainfall. Male Goat is offered to God to please him to have a bumper crop. Makar Parva the famous festival of tribes of Dumka in the Adivasis month of 'Pausha' and English month 'January'. Other Indian festivals like Diwali, dussherra, Holi etc are celebrated with equal joy and enthusiasm.

Costumes in Dumka

The women in Dumka are largely found of wearing sarees. On special occasions and during dance performances, there is a tradition of wearing white sari with a red border. The men can be found wearing dhoti, kurta, shirt or pants. To add up to their dressing styles men wear an appropriate headgear and fancy foot wear. The necklaces made up of beads is common among both men and women. Both men and women make sure to wear a fragrance on their clothing. These fragrances are made up of natural sources.


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